Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense. Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research. Get out a pair of scissors and cut each excerpt out. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
A literature review of a mature topic addresses the need for a critique of, and the potential reconceptualization of, the expanding and more diversified knowledge base of the topic as it continues to develop.
Equally, however, it can help refine or focus a broad research question and is useful for both topic selection and topic refinement. Create Your Conceptual Schema: Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: It must be short but comprehensive. British Journal of Nursing, 17 1: Choose any section of your conceptual schema to begin with.
For example is a synthesis matrix organized by the key studies on your specific topic. Group the articles into categories e.
It also forms a good basis for the writing of the review Cronin, et al, Another tools for analyze and synthesize is undertake an initial classification and grouping of the articles by type of source.
Definitions of key terms and concepts.
Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
Search for the literature: Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Identify major trends or patterns: Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.
Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach Abstract Nowadays, most nurses, pre- and post-qualification, will be required to undertake a literature review at some point, either as part of a.
A literature review must include an overview of the subject. Subject is the most important thing so it should be given the most attention along with the objectives of literature review.
Repeat this for each section of your literature review. Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review.
Writing a literature review in the pre or post-qualification, will be required to undertake a literature review, either as part of a course of study, as a key step in the research process.
A literature review can be just a simple summary of the. Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan ( ). A Step-By-Step Guide on How to Write a Good Literature Review How to Write a Literature Review What is a literature review?
A literature review is a piece of writing that demonstrates you have sound understanding and knowledge of your field of study or research in a particular field, topic or question.Step by step how to write a literature review